Shwe Taik, Sao
- (1894-1962)Prominent Shan (Tai) leader and the Union of Burma's first president. Educated at the Shan Chiefs' School in Taunggyi, he served in the British army for 20 years and in 1927 was chosen as successor to his uncle as sawbwa of Yawnghwe by the state's council of ministers. After World War II, he initially opposed the policy of Prime Minister Clement Attlee's government to merge Burma Proper with the Frontier Areas in an independent Burma, but compromises reached with Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League President Aung San at the Panglong Conference of February 1947 persuaded him to sign the agreement that concluded the historic conference. He served as president of the Union of Burma from 1948 to 1952. From 1952 to 1960, he was speaker of the upper house of parliament, the Chamber of Nationalities. An advocate of reform and modernization in the Shan States, he endorsed the formal relinquishment of authority by the sawbwas to the Shan State government in 1959, but also played an important role in the Federal Movement. When General Ne Win seized power and shut down parliamentary government in March 1962, Sao Shwe Taik's house in Rangoon (Yangon) was surrounded by troops, and his youngest was son killed. He died at Insein Jail under ambiguous circumstances in November 1962.See also Hearn Kham, Sao Nang.
Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). Donald M. Seekins . 2014.
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Hearn Kham, Sao Nang — (1915 2003) Mahadevi (chief queen) of the Shan State of Yawnghwe, prominent member of parliament, and leader of a Shan (Tai) insurgent movement during the 1960s. The daughter of the formidable Khunsang Ton Huung of Hsenwi, she married Sao… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Sawbwa — (Sao Pha) The Burmese (Myanmar) language rendition of the Shan language word sao pha (chao fa in the Thai language), literally meaning lord of the heavens and referring to the hereditary rulers of the Shan States of eastern Burma or, more… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Federal Movement — (1961 1962) A movement organized by leaders of the ethnic minorities, especially the Shans (Tai), to amend the Constitution of 1947 to make it more genuinely federal in character. In Shan State, support for the movement was inspired not… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Introduction — When Burma (Myanmar) achieved independence from British colonial rule in 1948, many observers viewed it with its high standards of education and abundant natural resources as one of the Asian countries most likely to achieve economic… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Khunsang Ton-Huung — (? 1917) A prominent Shan (Tai) leader of the late 19th century, considered a folk hero. He defeated Burmese and Shan forces sent against him by the Burmese king at Mandalay in the 1870s. after the British asserted their authority over the… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Shan States — The term refers to both to a unique kind of polity established by Shans (Tai) in various parts of Burma since at least the 13th century and a group of such polities, known as the Federated Shan States after 1922, which enjoyed a measure of… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Shan State — In land area, the largest of Burma s states and divisions, covering 155,801 square kilometers or (155 square miles). It contains 11 districts (Taunggyi, Loilem, Lashio, Muse, Kyaukme, Kunlong, Laukkai, Keng Tung, Monghsat, Monghpyak, and… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Yawnghwe — (Nyaungshwe) One of the Shan States, whose last sawbwa, Sao Shwe Taik, was the first president of the Union of Burma (1948 1952) and a prominent leader of the Federal Movement. Located in southwestern Shan State, it had a land area of… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
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